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PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Periodontal disease is inflammation of the tissues which support teeth and attach them to the jaw. The disease occurs in three stages Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Advanced Periodontitis.

Gingivitis – plaque and bacteria cause the gums to become red and swollen and bleed easily. Small pockets occur where plaque invades the space between the tooth and gum.  Good oral care and visits to the hygienist are usually enough to restore healthy gums.

Periodontitis – over time and left untreated, the disease spreads below the gum line and inflammation reaches the bone causing deeper pockets and bone loss.  Treatment at this stage is aimed at preventing further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis – as the bone is destroyed teeth become loose and the pockets become deeper, abscesses can occur.   The gum may shrink and part of the root is exposed.  Periodontitis can reach the advanced stages without causing pain.

It is important to visit the dentist regularly for advice on how to look after your teeth and gums.

Call Tavistock Drive Dental Care on 0115 9602717.

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