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Do you know what Periodontal Disease is?

Periodontal disease is inflammation of the tissues which support teeth and attach them to the jaw. The disease occurs in 3 stages Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Advanced Periodontitis.

Gingivitis – Plaque and Bacteria cause the gums to become red and swollen and bleed easily. Small pockets occur where plaque gets into the space between the tooth and the gum. Good oral care and visits to the hygienist are usually enough to restore healthy gums.

Periodontitis – Over time left untreated the disease spreads below the gumline and the inflammation reaches the bone causing deeper pockets and bone loss. Treatment at this stage is aimed at preventing further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis – As the bone is destroyed teeth become loose and the pockets become deeper, abscesses can occur. Sometimes the gum shrinks and part of the root is exposed. Periodontitis may reach the advanced stages without causing pain.

It is important to visit the dentist regularly for advice on how to look after your teeth and gums.

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